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BiTMICRO®, founded in 1995, was a
pioneer in high performance rugged flash SSDs.

BiTMICRO is best known for extreme performance
and data integrity in enterprise, industrial, and military
Bitmicro logo - click for more info

BiTMICRO was the first flash SSD maker
to seriously raise the topic of using flash to
replace HDDs in enterprise storage.

BiTMICRO sampled the world's first
hot-swap SCSI SSD for RAID in 2000.

SSD ad - click for more info .. BiTMICRO - address and links

BiTMICRO Networks, Inc. (HQ)
47929 Fremont Blvd.
Fremont, CA 94538,


worldwide locations
see also:- BiTMICRO - mentions on, BiTMICRO's blog

after AFAs - what's the next box?

latency loving reasons for fading out DRAM

The ups and downs of capacitor hold up in 2.5" flash SSDs

boom bust cycles in memory markets - any lessons for SSD?

BiTMICRO was ranked #22 in the Q3 2016 edition of the Top SSD Companies which is researched and published by

BiTMICRO's best rank in this series was #1 - in Q4 2007 - when there were only 63 companies operating in the SSD market (10x less than today).

Who's who in SSD? - BiTMICRO

by Zsolt Kerekes, editor - - July 22, 2015

10 years ago BiTMICRO was one of the first SSD companies to launch flash SSDs specifically for enterprise apps acceleration with a range of 3.5" SSDs with SCSI and later FC compatible interfaces.

And in 2007 and 2008 the company was the #1 SSD company in the Top SSD Companies List for several quarters.

But for several years after that BiTMICRO was unable to maintain a leading position in the enterprise market and dropped out of sight and mind of the market - although the company did make a reappearance in the 2nd half of 2014 after reporting on successes with its partner RunCore in China in August 2014.

It's easy to see now that the main reasons for BiTMICRO's dip in market relevance were:-
  • the growing number of SSD suppliers and the change in competitive landscape from being one of a handful of vendors to being one of hundreds.
  • the market adoption towards PCIe SSDs being the predominant high end server acceleration tools of choice in the 2007 to 2015 period - instead of SATA, SAS or FC 2.5" or 3.5" SSDs. BiTMICRO was late entrant in this market - shipping its first enterprise PCIe SSDs in 2012.
  • the enterprise market acceptance of MLC in various flavors as the mainstream flash memory technology.

    BiTMICRO - which designs it own flash controllers - seemed somewhat out of date and stuck in an SLC rut until December 2012 when it introduced eMLC flash into into its PCIe SSD product line.

    That was a technology disadvantage in the enterprise market of the 2012 to 2015 period - when even better funded vendors who were able to offer cheaper, lower DWPD models in their ranges based on cheaper flash were struggling to get and retain market share.
It's difficult for all companies (even the market leaders) to sustain their business positions in the turbulent SSD market of today.

But in mid 2015 BiTMICRO still looks active in the enterprise SSD market - albeit now playing a quieter and much smaller role in a big game which - as a flash SSD pioneer - it helped to invent.
BiTMICRO sample mentions from SSD market history

In November 2000 - BiTMICRO announced the release of its E-Disk SCW35 which was the world's first true hot swappable SCSI SSD.

In November 2007 - BiTMICRO announced plans to sample a terabyte class 3.5" flash SSD in Q108. With 1.6TB capacity and a 4Gbps Fibre Channel interface - it will deliver sustained throughput more than 230MBps and upwards of 55,000 IOPS. ...Later:- BiTMICRO announced the 1st customer shipments of this much anticipated product line in November 2008.

In March 2009 - BiTMICRO's CEO - Rey Bruce - shared his SSD Bookmarks with readers of

In May 2010 - BiTMICRO published a white paper (pdf) which describes the risks of SSD data loss from power disturbances - and outlines the design approach they have taken to minimize data corruption in their E-Disk Altima SSD product range. - "Power is a fundamental need but it can also be the biggest threat to the reliability and operation of any system." ... read the article (pdf)

In October 2011 - BiTMICRO collaborated with Cadence and Synopsys to set up a new micro-chip design training center in the Philippines - called the Bruce Institute of Technology - named after the Bruce brothers who founded BiTMICRO.

In November 2011 - BiTMICRO announced that it has designed a new generation of enterprise SSD controllers which will deliver upto 400,000 IOPS performance, support upto 5TB capacity and will be available in SSDs with SAS, SATA, Fibre Channel, and PCIe interfaces in the first half of 2012.

In January 2012 - BiTMICRO announced that its new TALINO-DE - SSD controller - has just gone through tape-out with Global Unichip.

"The combination of GUC's PCIe, SATA, SAS PHY IP products and the broad scope of their flexible SoC design services, manufacturing capabilities and strong relationship with TSMC gave us no reason to hold back in our designs. From the start, we are confident the TALINO-DE controller will create a huge impact in the storage industry. Backed by GUC's world-class testing facilities, we know they are the most viable option for us," said Rey Bruce, CEO of BiTMICRO Networks.

In June 2012 - BiTMICRO has obtained over 600 IP assets from QualCore whose portfolio includes analog, digital, and mixed-signal IC design. Engineers retained from QualCore's IP and ASIC services team have joined the recently established BiTMICRO India.

In January 2013 - BiTMICRO launched a marketing program to license its Talino SSD controller.

In August 2015 BiTMICRO released the MAXio Z-Series enterprise PCIe SSDs (gen 3 8 lanes) which are controlled by its patented Talino ASIC architecture.

BiTMICRO - earlier editor comments

Earlier comments:- January 2013 - recently BiTMICRO officially confirmed that it had changed its business strategy from being (mainly) a supplier of rugged embedded SSDs for the industrial and military markets - to becoming a supplier of fast SSD controllers and fast SSDs aimed primarily at the enterprise SSD market.

Behind this change has been the long drawn out development of the company's fast enterprise focused Talino controller family - which is also the core enabling technology in its recently sampling PCIe SSDs.

Late to market and lacking the business resources to productize the controller family in all the competitive market slots into which it might be used in SSDs - BiTMICRO's strategy is to offer it to other SSD makers and systems companies.

The enterprise market isn't entirely new territory for the company.

BiTMICRO put out tentative steps into the server market with its parallel SCSI SSDs in 2004 and later (in 2007) with a range of 3.5" FC SSDs too. But those early customer experiments didn't leave much in the way of enduring routes to market.

So - in the much more competitive and complex SSD market of today - it's fair to say that the company is making a fresh start.

Who's who in SSD? - by Zsolt Kerekes, editor - February 20, 2012

BiTMICRO is 1 of more than 100 companies listed in these directories:- military SSDs, industrial SSDs, 3.5" SSDs, 2.5" SSDs, FC SSDs, SATA SSDs, PATA SSDs, PCIe SSDs, SCSI SSDs and also in the Top 20 SSD companies.

There have been many times in SSD history that a company which everyone is talking about as the technology and market leader - fails to maintain its momentum - and disappears from view...

Sometimes for years.

Often forever.

In the past 30 years I can only think of 3 companies which have achieved significant comebacks after a protracted multi-year market sabbatical and yet managed to generate the same level of excitement (or more) as they did the first time around.

A 4th one of those in 2012 could well be BiTMICRO.

talking "enterprise flash SSD" in 2000

Like all the flash SSD pioneers in the mid to late 1990s BiTMICRO started out in the rugged embedded industrial / military market.

(There was no such thing as a "consumer" market for SSDs in those days - because high capacity fast MIL SSDs cost upwards of $10K each.)

But amongst all the ruggedness and reliability talk - which were part of the flash SSD vernacular - BiTMICRO sometimes threw in a word which was seldom mentioned in the context of flash SSD storage - "enterprise".

There already were enterprise SSD companies around at the start of the new millenium - but "enterprise SSDs" were understood to be "RAM SSD". You didn't even have to add the word "enterprise". All SSDs were either - RAM for server acceleration - or flash for rugged apps. The distinctions within flash came much later.

BiTMICRO was the first flash SSD maker to seriously raise the topic of using flash SSDs to replace HDDs in enterprise storage. And this was no - pigs might fly talk - because BiTMICRO had the technology to do it - even if the costs were still prohibitive.

For example in 2000 when they launched the 1st true hot-swappable SCSI SSD they talked about using it in RAID systems.

And in 2004 the company published a case study showing how a single one of its 3.5" flash SSDs was able to accelerate a 25,000 user email system - giving performance 4x faster than RAMdisk and 15x faster than HDD RAID.

And at the tail end of 2007 the company unveiled a high speed terabyte class 3.5" FC flash SSD.

That was exciting stuff - and for a brief time it looked like BiTMICRO might step out of its industrial / military safety blanket to emerge as one of the future leaders in the enterprise flash SSD market too.

But that didn't happen.

And if there was even a tentative step in that direction - it took too long - and nobody noticed in the glare coming from a rush of new start up traffic racing along the newly enlarged SSD market highway.

just another SSD company

By the end of 2008 there were over 100 companies in the SSD market - and many SSD pioneers were sidelined by the competitive onslaught.

Customers didn't have to wait for pioneers like BiTMICRO to scale their technologies and design new products. In the next few years - new companies were entering the SSD market at a rate greater than one a week.

Our readers didn't hear so much from BiTMICRO and it appeared to go back into stealth mode.

If you'd asked me a year ago what I thought about BiTMICRO - I would have said - this is a company which was once a mover and shaker in the early days of the flash SSD market - but its most notable achievements have been in the past.

BiTMICRO's website had become so dormant it gave the distinct impression of being another "gone-away" storage company.

re-emerging from stealth mode

When BiTMICRO contacted me again in the summer of 2011 after a long period of silence I said I was surprised to hear they were still in business.

BiTMICRO's Marketing Manager, Cecilia Martorillas told me that the company had been working in its heartland of high performance rugged SSDs and that unlike many others in their market who had chosen the SandForce inside route as the way to market continuity - all the SSDs BiTMICRO offered still used their own design of controllers.

At that time all BiTMICRO's SSDs used SLC flash but Cecilia said they would soon be announcing details of new MLC SSDs and controllers.

BiTMICRO unveiled details of its new SSD controller architecture in November 2011 - and in January 2012 announced that it had taped out the new chips.

So we can expect to see new SSDs based on this new controller - called the TALINO-DE - sometime in the next few quarters.

has the long wait for a new BiTMICRO enterprise SSD been worthwhile?

The multi-core TALINO-DE is big SSD architecture (manages hundreds of flash chips) and includes full data path protection, end-to-end data integrity, embedded AES engines for data security, embedded XOR engines for delivering faster transaction processing in RAID configurations, power management, and other resource optimization.

It is expected to deliver upto 400,000 IOPS performance, support upto 5TB capacity and will be available in SSDs with SAS, SATA, Fibre Channel, and PCIe interfaces .

When it ships - this enterprise SSD controller will be the most significant product family from BiTMICRO in more than decade.

In performance terms it fits Depending how the product will be marketed - and it's not publicly known at the present time - whether SSDs using the new controller will only be available from BiTMICRO - the new SSDs could create a market buzz like we haven't seen since SandForce emerged from stealth mode in 2009.

For more info about BiTMICRO take a look at the links above and BiTMICRO - editor mentions on

I currently talk to more than 300 makers of SSDs and another 100 or so companies which are closely enmeshed around the SSD ecosphere - which are all profiled here on the mouse site.

I learn about new SSD companies every day, including many in stealth mode. If you're interested in the growing big picture of the SSD market canvass - StorageSearch will help you along the way. Many SSD company CEOs read our site too - and say they value our thought leading SSD content - even when we say something that's not always comfortable to hear. I hope you'll find it it useful too.
BiTMICRO's new Big SSD Architecture - ASIC platform
Editor:- November 21, 2011 - BiTMICRO today announced that it has designed a new generation of enterprise SSD controllers which will deliver upto 400,000 IOPS performance, support upto 5TB capacity and will be available in SSDs with SAS, SATA, Fibre Channel, and PCIe interfaces in the first half of 2012.

BiTMICRO's new ASIC based platform architecture consists of a multi-core SSD controller integrated with multiple high-speed serial on-chip buses and embedded processors

"It is with high anticipation that we see these technologies come to fruition and work for our customers" said BiTMICRO's CEO, Rey Bruce.

Editor's comments:- 4 years ago BiTMICRO was at the top of its game (and #1 in the top SSD companies list) with an industry leading terabyte class 3.5" FC SSD sampling (called the E-Disk Altima ) but the company's market was in the gunsights of about 50 newly emerging flash SSD companies in that Year of SSD Revolutions which soon after grabbed many of the sub-markets which previously had been divided up among just a handful of enterprise flash vendors.

Back to today's news from BiTMICRO...

A 2 stage SSD controller architecture - with a core intelligent unit - which fans out to distributed flash slave teams is a proven architectural concept in high performance enterprise SSDs.

For example it's used in products by Virident Systems (whose controller can keep 256 flash die active concurrently on R/W garbage collection etc) and a 2 stage design is also used by Texas Memory Systems (whose host side facing controller can packet up multiple FC channels into a single virtual route into the flash array).
click to read the article - Big versus Small SSD  architectures These are examples of what I call big SSD architecture - which is more efficient (higher percentage of usable capacity), faster and more reliable in large capacity SSD products than the alternative - which is building arrays of "small architecture" SSDs.

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How Flash Arrays Help US DoD and DHS protect against threats
Editor:- July 2, 2016 - A new blog by Zophar Sante, VP of Business Development at BiTMICRO - How AFAs Help US DoD and DHS outlines how the roles of solid state storage have changed in US government defense and security agencies in the past 20 years.

Among other things: - Zoph says - "The DoD and DHS are using what they learned from SSDs in field and applying the same technology to their data centers." the article

military storage directory and news
military SSDs
Editor's comments:- From the SSD history perspective BiTMICRO was a pioneer of high performance flash SSDs for the military market and one of the earliest advocates of flash in enterprise arrays.

Before the onset of the flash SSD era, however, DoD was already using rackmount SSDs in the late 1980s for mobile data capture and analysis. In those days the SSD memory technology in such boxes was inevitably DRAM.

You can read recollections about that in the 2010 retrospective paper - TMS History of Working With the US DoD (pdf) by the founder of Texas Memory Systems.

Permabit shrinks data in BiTMICRO's new AFA boxes
Editor:- October 20, 2015 - Permabit today announced that its inline dedupe and compression software is used in BiTMICRO's new rackmount SSD white boxes - which include a 1U iSCSI appliance (20x 2.5" TB SSD shown at FMS) and a 3U fast SSD server (8x PCIe SSDs) which is due to be shipped this quarter.

BiTMICRO has new faster, denser PCIe SSD
news image Bitmicro SSDEditor:- August 11, 2015 - BiTMICRO announced the release of the company's MAXio Z-Series enterprise PCIe SSDs (gen 3 8 lanes) which are controlled by its patented Talino ASIC architecture. The new Z-Series provides up to 8.8TB in a PCIe edge card form factor and also includes military-class erase technology. For 4KB blocks the R/W IOPS and latencies are respectively - 430K 50S and 150K 30S respectively.

Editor's comments:- BiTMICRO which 10 years ago was a pioneer in the high performance enterprise flash SSD market got kind of swept aside from mainstream market view for many years as the market expanded and the rate of memory innovation seen in such SSDs changed too fast for most companies to keep up.

For years the company retrenched back into its safe roots in industrial military applications - and like many other SSD companies - it has had business setbacks. But it's also had some customer successes too with its newer SSD technologies in the China market in partnership with RunCore.

SSD ad - click for more info

BiTMICRO has new VP of Engineering
Editor:- April 16, 2014 - It's been 9 months since I last saw a news announcement from BiTMICRO.

But I heard today that the company recently announced that Bharadwaj Pudipeddi has joined the company as VP of Engineering and Lead Architect. Among other things - Pudipeddi's past design roles in notable SSD companies include 2 years at Violin Memory.

RunCore is 1st to announce BiTMICRO OnBoard
Editor:- January 29, 2013 - today announced that RunCore will use BiTMICRO's Talino controllers in its new Kylin III MAX family (fast PCIe SSDs).

BiTMICRO invites you to design SSDs and systems using its fast Talino SSD controller
Editor:- January 8, 2013 - BiTMICRO today publicly confirmed that it's offering its Talino SSD controller to other manufacturers in what the company calls the "BiTMICRO OnBoard" Program.

"It's undeniable that the solid state storage industry is growing rapidly," said Zophar Sante, VP of Marketing and Sales at BiTMICRO. "We're not only speaking with companies that want to use our SSD controller technology to develop their own solid state drive solutions, but also with companies seeking to embed solid state storage natively into their own vertical application platforms."

Editor's comments:- in my 2010 article - Imprinting the brain of the SSD - I discussed the most successful design win program in the history of the SSD controller market (so far) by SandForce (now part of LSI) whose award winning controllers are now used by more than 60 SSD companies.

One of the big differences between that original program and what BiTMICRO is doing now - is that BiTMICRO's primary business is selling complete SSDs whereas SandForce didn't sell SSDs and neatly avoided some of the conflicts of interest which LSI is seeing now with frenemmies who use the same controller but compete for some of the same design slots at the complete SSD level.

That suggests to me that potential Talino technology partners are more often going to be systems companies rather than companies which simply sell vanilla SSDs.

Getting access to the Talino SSD controller will provide systems makers with similar raw performance to what they can get from integrating current industry standard PCIe SSDs but at lower cost and in a customizable physical footprint.

Although BiTMICRO's customers will have to invest in a lot more design than if they used ready made SSDs - the scalability and flexibility of a chip family approach means that some system designs which wouldn't be viable with today's building blocks will become competitive.

Just as all PCIe SSDs aren't all exactly the same - I'm sure we'll be surprised in a year or so to see just how different some of the systems based on the Talino will be. My guess is they will span the full range of fast apps from lowly customized 2.5" PCIe SSDs upto supercomputer scale racks.

BiTMICRO hasn't published details of what its partner vetting and getting onboard process will be. They're simply asking potential partners to contact them (if you haven't done so already).
high availability enterprise SSDs
how fast can your SSD run backwards?
don't all PCIe SSDs look pretty much the same?
Enterprise SSDs - the Survive and Thrive Guide
adaptive R/W flash care IP (including DSP) for SSDs
The enterprise flash story... could it have been simplified?
Decloaking hidden preference segments in enterprise flash
90% of enterprise SSD companies have no good reasons to survive
who are the ideal customers for BiTMICRO 's new (but late to market) Talino based maxIO PCIe SSDs?
Editor:- December 12, 2012 - BiTMICRO today said it's begun manufacturing its pre-announced maxIO (PCIe SSDs) which use the company's Talino (means "talented", big architecture, SSD controllers).

The first product in this range will be a full height, half-length 400K random IOPS (4KB), 4.5TB (eMLC) PCIe SSD.

Editor's comments:- A few weeks ago I asked BiTMICRO's new VP of Marketing Zophar Sante (who among other things founded SANRAD) what the company's plans were for leveraging the Talino controller - because it had seemed to me that BiTMICRO didn't have the resources to exploit this technology in all the markets where it might be applicable.

Zoph said BiTMICRO plans to offer the chip set to other companies in what would be in effect - a "BiTMICRO onBOARD" kind of program.

The company's target market for the maxIO product line includes what I call dark matter enterprise end users in addition to the usual enterprise channels such as oems.

Architecturally the closest product to the maxIO is the RamSan from Texas Memory Systems - which is now part of IBM. Closest insofar as it's got one or more ultra fast central controllers which expand via data movers / intelligent I/O peripherals which fan out to more flash.

One of the problems I see for BiTMICRO though is that - because it's so many years late coming into the enterprise PCIe SSD market - it will have to focus its efforts on a very restricted set of technical customers who want to better the performance they can get from arrays of small architecture PCIe SSDs (like those in established PCIe SSD products from OCZ and LSI) and who prefer to use their own software and who don't want to get tied into Fusion-io's seductive APIs - and who also like the idea of raw brute peak performance rather than the predictable rounded performance of Virident and customers who maybe would have been satisfied with a RamSan type of product - but who either see themselves as competitors to IBM or want to retain the option of buying their critical supplier (BiTMICRO) or having large share of mind of that supplier if the maxIO product becomes strategic in the customer's own business.
more about BiTMICRO's Talino
Editor:- November 27, 2012 - A year after BiTMICRO first unveiled its quad core Talino SSD controller architecture (which is intended for use in fast enterprise SSDs) the company is now revealing more details about the other part of its 2 tier architecture - the ISIP (Intelligent Storage Interconnect Platform).

"One of the innovative attributes of the Talino architecture is its 'building block' design. A single Talino ASIC can connect to as many as 60 ISIP chips, each connecting to up to 8 flash die," said Zophar Sante, VP of Marketing and Sales, BiTMICRO - "Multiple Talino ASICs can easily interconnect via a PCIe switch to create 1U, 2U and 3U complete storage systems with enormous capacities and blistering performance. These Talino based storage systems can use "off the shelf" front-end file systems that support FC, FCoE, iSCSI, NFS, CIFS, Ethernet and can also include volume management, virtualization and storage services software."

BiTMICRO says the Talino ASIC is very versatile. Interface controllers are built directly into the chip, with 8x 5Gb PCIe lanes, 2x 6Gb SAS ports and 2x 6Gb SATA ports.

"The technology we put into our Talino Architecture puts BiTMICRO far beyond what anyone else is doing with solid state storage," said Rey Bruce, CEO, BiTMICRO. "In terms of performance, scalability, and reliability, there's no other architecture that can match what Talino can deliver. And we will continue the innovation of Talino so it will remain cutting edge for years to come."
BiTMICRO acquires mixed signal IP assets from QualCore
Editor:- June 5, 2012 - BiTMICRO today announced it has obtained over 600 IP assets from QualCore whose portfolio includes analog, digital, and mixed-signal IC design.

Engineers retained from QualCore's IP and ASIC services team have joined the recently established BiTMICRO India.

The acquisition also brings BiTMICRO closer to its goal of bringing the entire development cycle in-house, from ASIC design to characterization testing.
Fast Purge SSDs
The need for fast and secure data erase - in which vital parts of a flash SSD or its data are destroyed in seconds - has always been a requirement in military projects.

Fast Purge flash SSDs directory & articlesAlthough many industrial SSD vendors offer products with extended "rugged" operating environment capabilities - and even notebooks SSDs come with encryption - it's the availability of fast data purge which differentiates "truly secure" SSDs which can be deployed in sensitive applications.