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storage history - 2002, May week 1b

Megabyte's selection of storage news
Megabyte loves reading storage news.
... the SSD Buyers Guide
After SSDs... What Next?
flash SSD Jargon Explained
the Top 10 SSD Companies
2010 Year of the SSD Bubble?
Storage Market Outlook 2010 to 2015
SSD Myths and Legends - "write endurance"
the Problem with Write IOPS - in flash SSDs
PR Agencies which are - "Editor Proven" - to be Effective
Brocade and Channel Partners Deliver SilkWorm

SAN JOSE, Calif. - May 7, 2002 - Brocade Communications Systems, Inc. announced today that 12 of its OEM partners and over 20 channel partners are now offering to market the Brocade SilkWorm 3200, the industry's first 8-port, 2 Gbit/sec intelligent fabric switch designed to meet the price and performance requirements of entry-level SAN customers.

Using Brocade SilkWorm fabric switches, companies can network servers with storage devices through a SAN, creating a highly available, scalable, secure, and manageable environment for storage applications. The SilkWorm 3200 is ideal for small and medium businesses and for enterprises implementing departmental and workgroup SANs.

Dell, FUJITSU LIMITED, Fujitsu Siemens Computers, Hewlett-Packard, Hitachi, Ltd., IBM, MTI Technology Corp., NEC Corporation, SGI, StorageTek, Unisys, and XIOtech Corporation are making the SilkWorm 3200 available to their customers worldwide. In addition, over twenty global Brocade distribution partners are making the product available to resellers.

Additionally, Dell, IBM, HP, SGI, and TidalWire, Inc. are offering complete, pre-configured SANs, based on Brocade intelligent fabric switches, to help small and mid-sized companies more quickly and easily move from direct-attached to networked storage. These price-optimized storage networking designs help customers deploy SANs with a "one-stop shopping" approach by offering all the components of a complete SAN-fabric switches, storage, HBAs, cables, media, documentation, installation, service and support, warranties, and training-in one complete package. Bundled SAN solutions deliver the advantages of storage area networks, including LAN-free backup and restore, server and storage consolidation, high availability clustering, and business continuance, to small and medium businesses and workgroups. Recently, Dell introduced three low-cost versions of the Dell EMC SAN, with prices starting at 9 cents a megabyte of storage capacity.

The SilkWorm 3200 Entry Fabric Switch is an 8-port 2 Gbit/sec Fibre Channel fabric switch that delivers availability, manageability, scalability, and security for networked storage environments, within a solution that is price optimized for entry-level SAN environments. ...Brocade profile

ADIC Acquires Virtual Tape Technology

Redmond, WA. - May 7, 2002 - ADIC announced today that it has acquired the assets and hired the engineering and product management personnel of V-Stor, a privately held company developing disk-based data protection products for the open systems market, for an undisclosed amount.

In its quarter ended April 30, 2002, ADIC will recognize acquisition expenses of approximately $1,500,000 related to acquired in-process research and development and compensation to V-Stor personnel.

The V-Stor development effort includes software that allows disk-based storage to look and act like tape systems to traditional backup applications in order to allow disk to be utilized easily in existing data protection systems. The new products will allow users to enjoy the enhanced performance and other benefits of combined disk-tape solutions while continuing to use the backup software products and procedures that they use today.

"Disk as data protection is used today for replicating data and establishing mirrored hot sites, but products have not been available for open systems networks that allow disk to operate as an effective partner to tape for backup," Jonathan Otis, ADIC Senior Vice President of Technology. "With this acquisition, we believe ADIC is in the strongest position in the industry to develop true multiple media solutions. Now we have experience in making disk look like tape, which we have added to our existing expertise in distributed file systems and policy-based data management-technology that allows tape and disk to work together as general-purpose storage. Integration efforts are well under way, and we expect to deliver products that combine disk and tape for backup during this calendar year." ...ADIC profile

Editor's comments:-
last year we predicted that tape library companies would use their position power to move in and take over the emerging D2D market before it became too threatening. Looks like it's happening. See also:- D2D - Disk to disk backup

Overland Introduces Trade-In Program

UK - May 7, 2002 - Overland Data, Inc. has introduced a "Trade-in Programme" to offer end users an opportunity to upgrade to the latest storage technology at significantly reduced prices through the channel.

The Trade-in Programme is currently available throughout EMEA. Within the terms of the Programme, Overland channel partners, on behalf of end users, can trade in an Overland tape automation product, or a similar product from another manufacturer, and receive a significant discount off each SDLT or LTO Ultrium dual-drive Neo 2000 or Neo 4000 modular tape library. Overland is implementing this Programme in conjunction with its network of distributors in the UK, including Ideal Hardware, Hammer, InTechnology and Cristie Data Products Limited. The sole requirement is that the trade-in product must be fitted with at least one Quantum DLT4000, DLT7000 or DLT8000 drive.

"The Overland Trade-In Programme offers customers a chance to upgrade to market leading storage technology at extremely appealing prices, whilst offering the reseller channel the opportunity to promote the Neo Series, which allows customers to scale their storage infrastructure modularly in line with the growth of their business," said Howard Rippiner, marketing manager EMEA, Overland.

For further information on the Trade-in Programme, please contact Overland on: +44 (0) 118 989 8000. ...Overland Data profile

Elpida's 32-bit RIMM Modules Double Memory Bandwidth

TOKYO, JAPAN - May 7, 2002 - Elpida Memory, Inc. announced today the availability of high-performance Rambus® 32-bit RIMMTM modules for personal computers, workstations and networking applications.

The new 32-bit RIMM modules incorporate two independent 16-bit RDRAM® memory channels (18-bit for ECC) to deliver twice the memory bandwidth, enabling up to 3.2 GB/s throughput, within the same physical space as single channel RIMM modules (measuring 133.35mm x 39.925mm x 1.27mm). These new modules are ideal for office or home PCs, graphics workstations, networking applications, or any system that requires high memory bandwidth and capacity while conserving space.

Elpida's new dual-channel 32-bit RIMM modules are available in three densities: 128, 256 and 512 Megabytes, providing variable memory capacity and flexible upgrades to address a wide range of applications. Employing extremely high-speed RDRAM devices, these modules support 800 MHz transfer rate per pin, for a total module bandwidth of 3.2 GB/s. They operate with existing RDRAM controllers and use a Rambus standard 232-pin RIMM connector. ...Elpida Memory profile

Sony Squishes 2TB Tape Library into 1U for $5K

LAS VEGAS (NETWORLD+INTEROP Booth #2452) - May 7, 2002 - Sony Electronics today introduced a new StorStation® AIT library that, at one rack-unit high (1U = 1.75"), is the slimmest tape library on the market today, and features the industry's highest tape storage density per cubic foot.

It is being showcased this week at Network+Interop. The newest member of the Sony StorStation family of storage solutions (model LIB-81), houses one AIT-1, AIT-2 or AIT-3 drive, and up to eight media cartridges, in an internal carousel design. All three drives feature backward read/write AIT media compatibility. Easily rack-mountable, the new library features a storage capacity of up to 2.08 TB and data transfer rates of up to 112.3 GB per hour (using 2.6:1 compression with ALDC).

The LIB-81 library incorporates a Web-based remote monitoring and diagnostic system for simplified management, and offers as an optional barcode reader for virtually instant media verification and inventory. AIT-1 and AIT-2 tape cartridges and respective versions of the library also come equipped with Memory-in-Cassette (MIC), a "smart chip" that speeds access to files, cartridge data and log information. The AIT-3 version features Remote MIC (R-MIC), which allows users to access the same data without loading the cartridge. Also included with the library is a complimentary version of NovaStor's TapeCopy v2.0 Library Edition tape conversion and duplication software, which enables users to transfer data from any other tape format to AIT.

The Sony StorStation LIB-81 system will be available this month, starting at an estimated MSRP price of under $4,500. It can be configured with an AIT-1, AIT-2 or AIT-3 drive, depending on capacity needs. The new library will be available through commercial distributors, VARs and system integrators beginning this month. ...Sony profile

Editor's comments:- the rackmount server market continued double digit year on year growth right through the darkest days of the recent IT recession. See also:- rackmount SPARC systems

TrueSAN and JNI Announce Partnership

San Jose, CA - May 7, 2002 - TrueSAN Networks, Inc. today announced a strategic alliance with JNI Corporation to integrate TrueSAN's Cloudbreak Storage Operating System with JNI's HBAs.

With this alliance, both companies will collaborate on bringing the advanced storage management capabilities of the Cloudbreak Storage Operating System to storage network infrastructures based on JNI's FibreStar Fibre Channel HBAs. As a JNI SANPartner, TrueSAN gains access to JNI's Systems Integration Lab Utility to allow interoperability testing with heterogeneous SAN environments.

"TrueSAN's Cloudbreak solution leverages JNI's HBA support across multiple operating systems," said Shaun Walsh, vice president of marketing, JNI Corporation. "In heterogeneous environments, HBAs are one of the few common storage components found across multiple platforms. Providing tight integration with the HBA helps facilitate multi-platform support, and in turn JNI HBAs benefit from Cloudbreak's cross-platform deployment to simplify multi-vendor SANs" ...JNI profile, ...TrueSAN Networks profile

FalconStor Partners With Network-1

NetWorld+Interop, LAS VEGAS, NV and Waltham, MA - May 7, 2002 - Network-1 Security Solutions, Inc. and FalconStor Software, Inc. today announced the availability of IPStorSentry, an intrusion prevention solution based on the integration of Network-1's CyberwallPLUS security technology with FalconStor's IPStor product suite.

IPStorSentry, which is a customized, private-label version of CyberwallPLUS, is available with the release of IPStor Version 3. IPStorSentry complements the highly available network storage infrastructure with sophisticated intrusion prevention mechanisms for mission-critical Windows NT/2000/XP environments. The combined IPStor/CyberwallPLUS technologies in IPStorSentry provide a centrally managed, end-to-end security solution for the entire storage networking infrastructure, starting at the storage level and extending up to and including the application server level.

"As the storage market matures, security issues are becoming more acute and need to be addressed by security technologies that integrate with storage networks and systems," said Jamie Gruener, senior analyst at Yankee Group. "IPStor already secures the storage server, and the Sentry option covers the security at the application server. The collaboration between Network-1 and FalconStor sets the pace for storage security."

IPStor's existing security protection includes strict authorization policies via its key-based authentication to ensure proper access to storage resources on the IPStor network, and encryption to ensure secure data transmission. The firewall/access control and intrusion prevention capabilities of IPStorSentry enhance security by restricting access to a legitimate application server, thereby protecting both the application and the storage resources behind the server. IPStorSentry provides a critical second-layer of defense behind existing perimeter firewalls by hardening the application server with protocol-specific rules. IPStorSentry includes security for Windows NT/2000/XP, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SQL Server and Lotus Notes. ...FalconStor Software profile, ...Network-1 Security Solutions

IBM and QLogic to Develop Integrated SAN Architecture

ALISO VIEJO, Calif. - May 7, 2002 – QLogic Corp. today announced that IBM and QLogic have developed a highly integrated SAN architecture for IBM's eServer BladeCenter system.

The advanced blade server architecture will feature "Fibre Down," the integration of single-chip Fibre Channel host adapters, management controllers and switches, into IBM's BladeCenter system. The design will help simplify SAN connectivity by eliminating the complex installation of expensive host adapters cards and external switch boxes. In addition, IBM will improve blade server reliability and manageability through integration of QLogic single chip management controllers. IBM eServer Blade Center systems incorporating the integrated new SAN architecture will be available from IBM in the second half of 2002.

"IBM is pleased that QLogic has joined our IBM BladeCenter Alliance Program," said Tim Dougherty, program director, IBM Blade Servers. "By working with QLogic, we will achieve a highly integrated I/O architecture that will make effective disk expansion possible." ...IBM profile, ...QLogic profile

JMR and Seagate Debut JuStor Fibre Channel DAS

LAS VEGAS- May 07, 2002 - JMR Electronics, Inc. and Seagate Technology today announced the debut of the JuStor 2 Gb DAS, featuring Intel RAID technology at Networld + Interop in Las Vegas, NV.

JuStor is a collaborative solution from JMR, Seagate, and Intel. JuStor is a complete 2 Gb/s direct attached storage infrastructure that features optimal performance, along with the interoperability and system management flexibility to fulfill the needs of enterprise and A/V environments. JuStor is available in a number of configurations and can easily be expanded to provide storage capacities up to 6.5 terabytes to serve any level of enterprise requirements as well as allowing for future scalability as the needs of businesses grow. The JuStor 2 GB storage attached solution is currently shipping ...Intel profile, ...JMR Electronics profile, ...Seagate profile

BiTMICRO and Lightspeed Semi Partner on SSD SoC

SUNNYVALE, Calif. - May 7, 2002 - Lightspeed Semiconductor and BiTMICRO Networks announced today their partnership to accelerate BiTMICRO's implementation of its next generation flash memory controller design into an ASIC solution using Lightspeed's Modular Array technology.

BiTMICRO's next generation of E-Disk flash drive controller chipset will have a 320 MB/sec internal FlashBus™ bandwidth - which will be unrivaled in the industry. This will enable E-Disk solid state flash drives to saturate IDE Ultra ATA 133 (UDMA 133), Serial ATA, Ultra 320 SCSI, iSCSI, InfiniBand and 2 Gbit per port Fibre Channel device interfaces.

The new generation E-Disk solid state storage device will deliver an industry record breaking sustained random read/write transfer rate of at least 230 MB/second and more than 50,000 random input/output per second (IOPS). Each device will be offered with up to 155 GB solid state storage capacity in 3.5-inch hard disk drive (HDD) footprint. First customer shipment is scheduled for 2003. BiTMICRO Networks, Lightspeed Semiconductor

Editor's comment:-
the full text of this press release claims this technology will result in the industry's fastest solid state disks (SSDs). That could be misleading if you regard "IOPS" as the useful measure of SSD performance. Several other manufacturers listed on our solid state disks directory already ship SSDs which are much faster than 50,000 IOPS.

Astrum Software Appoints new VP of Product Engineering

Boston, Mass. - May 7, 2002 - Astrum Software today appointed industry veteran Lee Muise as Vice President of Product Engineering.

He is responsible for research and product development of Astrum Software's StorCast® for the Enterprise storage management software application.

According to Robert Infantino, Astrum Software's President and CEO, "Lee brings Astrum proven expertise in managing complex software development programs for high-end, mission-critical enterprise applications for the Fortune 1000. He has extensive experience in managing large engineering groups and implementing design and quality assurance processes to ensure the on-time delivery of high quality products. In addition, Lee has been responsible for designing and building very large databases and he has successfully built efficient data warehouses of up to 4 terabytes. Lee not only brings technical and management expertise, he also provides the technical leadership that will help Astrum continue to attract world-class software developers and aggressively evolve our product line to gain a dominant market position."

Muise has over 18 years of experience in the high technology industry. He was previously Senior Vice President of Product Engineering at Xchange Applications Inc., a leading CRM vendor. In this position he was responsible for the development of all five of Xchange's enterprise software products and was responsible for managing a software development team of 125 people. ...Astrum Software profile

Transcend Announces Memory Stick Adapters

Taipei, Taiwan - May 6, 2002 - Transcend Information, Inc. has introduced a new line of adapters and a USB Memory Stick Reader/Writer.

Lately there has been a growing trend towards the use of small flash memory cards for a variety of consumer electronic products. Memory Stick Media has gradually increased its market status and achieved a higher market share among small flash memory storage cards. Several popular digital cameras and MP3 players have been specially designed for use with Memory Stick as the data storage medium. However, only a very few computer systems are built with the capability of directly using Memory Stick Media. Transcend now provides a series of solutions to this problem. For notebook computers or PDAs with a PCMCIA slot, there is the Memory Stick Adapter. For PDAs with a CompactFlash Card slot, there is the Memory Stick/CompactFlash Adapter. For any computer system with a USB port, there is the Memory Stick Reader/Writer. These new products will make it more convenient than ever for consumers to use Memory Stick Media for data storage, transfer, and exchange. ...Transcend Information profile

HP Rings Bell at NYSE Ceremony

NEW YORK CITY and PALO ALTO, Calif. - May 6, 2002 - With the ceremonial ringing of the bell to open the New York Stock Exchange, HP's NYSE account team accompanied by HP Chief Executive Officer Carly Fiorina this morning celebrated the completion of the company's merger with Compaq Computer Corp. and the first trading day of the combined company's new NYSE symbol, HPQ.

Fiorina rang the bell remotely from HP headquarters in Palo Alto and was assisted by the members of the new HP's NYSE service and support account team who were on the bell podium at the exchange. HP and Compaq closed the merger on May 3 and the trading of Compaq's stock was suspended before the opening of the market today. HP will officially launch the new company at a series of worldwide employee events Tuesday. Fiorina said it was appropriate that one of the new HP's first official acts was at the site of one of its longstanding and largest customers - the New York Stock Exchange. The NYSE has been a customer for more than 20 years and runs its trading systems on infrastructure from the merged company. ...HP profile

STMicroelectronics Expands Serial Flash Memory Line

Geneva - May 6, 2002 - STMicroelectronics a leader in serial Flash memory technology, today strengthened its position in the code storage market with the introduction of the first 4-Mbit and 8-Mbit devices in its serial Flash family.

The 4-Mbit M25P40 and the 8-Mbit M25P80 are targeted at emerging serial code-download in a wide range of applications, including hard disk drives, DVD players, graphics cards, printers, wireless LANs, ADSL, networking, industrial applications and set-top boxes. Both devices are supplied in the smallest packages available today for these densities.

Serial Flash memories are ideal for applications that require voice and image storage, especially those constrained by power, available pins, space and performance. The M25P40 and the M25P80 are organized as 8x512-Kbit and 16x512-Kbit sectors, respectively. Data can be read with a clock rate of up to 25MHz. Built using an advanced CMOS process, the M25P40 and the M25P80 offer a minimum data retention of 20 years and have a guaranteed write endurance of 100,000 cycles. Serial Flash memory enables program code to be downloaded upon power-up from external Flash. Typically, parallel Flash packages with more than 28 pins impose a significant overhead. By switching to a 4-pin serial Flash interface, controller or master pin count, board space, power, system noise and overall cost can be greatly reduced. Both devices will be available in volume production in Q2, 2002. ...STMicroelectronics profile

Set Top Hard Drives will make money for Cable TV

SCOTTS VALLEY, CA - May 6, 2002 - a press release today from the leading hard disk maker Seagate Technology highlights a new report to be released later this month by media analyst Kagan Media Appraisals titled "The Future of Local Data Storage in Set-top Boxes."

Putting hard drives in cable TV set-top boxes is a money-maker for cable operators, according to Kagan whose analysis shows that hard drive-enabled set-top boxes and the personalized services they make possible will give the cable industry increased revenue streams, greater customer retention (reduced churn), and lower infrastructure costs thanks to a more efficient use of limited bandwidth.

"The introduction of local storage connected to a two-way multimedia distribution network creates broad opportunities to add numerous services and the accompanying subscription fees," said Ian Olgeirson, senior analyst at Kagan World Media. "Cable Multiple System Operators (MSOs) that include PVR services will be among the early winners in the emerging video-on-demand and subscription video-on-demand markets. Other near-term possibilities range from audio services to enhanced advertising to gaming. Music is a killer application for adding revenue. Music service bundling opportunities alone can increase annual revenues by more than $100 per subscriber."

These new services will also reduce customer churn, enticing consumers to stay with their cable service provider, the report says.

"In the digital cable market, customer turnover has reached alarming rates," said Larry Gerbrandt, chief content officer at Kagan World Media. "PVR is not only an application that television consumers want, but also provides an excellent tool to sort through the vast channel selection of digital cable. By introducing set-tops with PVR and other attractive features, cable operators can reduce churn by at least one percent, which would save nearly $500 million annually for every one million subscribers in service installation costs. ...Kagan Media Central, ...Seagate profile
Other news on this page

Brocade and Channel Partners Deliver SilkWorm

ADIC Acquires Virtual Tape Technology

Overland Introduces Trade-In Program

Elpida's 32-bit RIMM Modules Double Memory Bandwidth

Sony Squishes 2TB Tape Library into 1U for $5K

TrueSAN and JNI Announce Partnership

FalconStor Partners With Network-1

IBM and QLogic to Develop Integrated SAN Architecture

JMR and Seagate Debut JuStor Fibre Channel DAS

BiTMICRO and Lightspeed Semi Partner on SSD SoC

Astrum Software Appoints VP of Product Engineering

Transcend Announces Memory Stick Adapters

HP Rings Bell at NYSE Ceremony

STMicroelectronics Expands Serial Flash Memory

Hard Drives are a Money-Maker for Cable TV

earlier news (archive)
War of the Disks - classic article on StorageSearch.com
War of the Disks: HDDs vs. Flash SSDs
Megabyte never got bored even after
30 years viewing this comedy slapstick.

Nibble: Remember Compaq?

It's official, HP is now HPQ, and Compaq is now part of the engrossed HP. So "Compaq" is another word you'll be using a bit less often in the future, and can soon safely forget.

Try... It's actually quite hard to deliberately forget something. Compaq... Compaq... Compaq...

Does it keep coming back? Well whatever, Compaq may have meant to you in the past, your memory will eventually make space for some new ideas to fit into that old Compaq space.

Compaq... Compaq... Compaq... It keeps coming back, but it won't last all day. Trust me.

I'm not going to dwell in this article on what Compaq achieved, or what the merger will do for the storage market. That's all been analysed before, and much of the speculation is going to be wrong anyway. Instead I'm going to reflect on just how easy it is for the name of a significant computer company to disappear without trace. That'll help you get "Compaq" out of your system, and if you're an older reader (like me) you may actually have come across some of these names below in real life, and not just in a text book or marketing case study. This is meant to be fun and not really serious. But do these names mean anything to you?

Burroughs? Osborne? Data General? Imprimis? Apollo? Digital Equipment?

Well let me remind you, from my own memory, which may be faulty, just who they were.

Burroughs used to be the world's #2 maker of mainframes back in the 1970's. There used to be an acronym to help you remember IBM's mainframe rivals. It was the "BUNCH" for Burroughs, Univac, NCR, CDC and Honeywell. Burroughs and Univac merged into Unisys, and then kept very quiet, hoping that no one would cause them any trouble. (That's a different idea of stealth marketing to that which we see nowadays in many new VC funded startups. It's kind of a post marketing peak stealth mode. Find a few vertical markets where you are well known, then dig in and hope no one else comes round to take them away.)

Osborne was a publishing company in the mid to late 1970's which did reference books on newly emerging microprocessors. The same Osborne then launched the world's first Intel based portable PC. That was before Compaq, and before Microsoft became an operating systems company. The Osborne PC used the #1 Intel operating system of its day:- called CP/M. I don't think Osborne survived much longer than CP/M.

Data General was a minicomputer manufacturer in the 1970's which was #2 to Digital Equipment. Their design of the Eclipse range using AMD's bit-slice (4 bit) microprocessor technology was immortalised in the book "Soul of a New Machine." In those days, bit-slice gave you a slight performance edge over ready made chips from Intel, Motorola etc, but the lego like building blocks hit a technical and architectural dead-end when companies like LSI Logic made it easy and cheap for anyone (like Sun) to design their own completely customised single chip RISC processor in low to medium volumes. One of Data General's brands still lives on in the Clariion, which was acquired by EMC.

Imprimis. I put Imprimis in this list, because I thought we should actually have a storage company. Imprimis ws the short lived name given to the disk drive operation at CDC. It was spun off as a separate company sometime in the late 1980's and made the fastest 8" and 5.25" drives. It was then acquired by Seagate, who carried on the tradition of making the fastest drives in popular form factors.

Apollo was the #1 workstation company in the mid 1980's. But it used its own proprietary operating system instead of Unix. The company was acquired by HP, which also had a sizable workstation business. In the busy period which followed the Apollo acquisition by HP, and while people were still doing the new organisation charts and rearranging the deck chairs, little old Sun Microsustems came along and blew them all away. By the time HP recovered in the workstation market, a decade later, there wasn't really a workstation business any more, and Sun had transformed into something more difficult to ignore.

Digital Equipment (which everyone called "DEC", but which liked to call itself "Digital") was the #1 minicomputer maker in the 1980's. In fact the first edition of Unix and the C programming language were developed on DEC hardware. DEC had an idea that it could ignore the IBM PC when that came along, and that it could ignore Unix too. Unfortunately, for DEC, both were cheaper than its own offerings, and both were eventually faster too. DEC confused and alienated its server customers by lots of bad decisions, false starts and dead ends. But meanwhile another part of the company had developed a well respected and fast multi-platform storage family called StorageWorks. DEC was acquired by Compaq in the mid 1990's, and gave the company a very bad case of indigestion. The StorageWorks brand is still, at the time of writing, probably the best legacy still surviving from the older company.

And now after our trip down memory lane, we return to the subject of Compaq itself, which if you remember, we are trying hard to forget...

How will we remember Compaq in 10 years or so, using the brutally short style I've used for these other companies?

Well, here's a possible summary, circa 2010.

Compaq designed the first IBM compatible portable in the early 1980's and showed that Wintel compatibility was the important factor for success on the desktop. You didn't have to buy an overpriced PC from IBM after all. But then Dell came along and showed that you didn't have to buy an overpriced Wintel PC or server from Compaq either. Then Compaq was acquired by another company which made storage and printers. I think that company was called HP. HP later split into two parts which are now known as...

You see. It's easier than you thought.

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